I continue to analyze my lectures and notes on teaching filipino to english methods. If you want to use these articles as educational material, then I suggest that you complete the task at the end of the note, it will allow you to better understand the topic.
How to choose and use additional materials and tasks?
By supplementary materials in this note, I mean books, textbooks, reference books, games, videos, audios, and any other materials that the teacher uses as a supplement to the main textbook.
These can be both manuals designed specifically for foreign language learners, as well as authentic materials, such as excerpts from newspapers and magazines, podcasts, fragments from films.
Many ECUs (learning kits) contain additional materials, such as photocopied tasks, DVDs with educational games, a website with additional exercises.
Also, the teacher can find additional materials on his own if he understands that the material in the main textbook is not enough, or if he wants to take on topics that are not covered in the textbook.
The main reasons why you should use additional materials:
there is not enough material in the textbook to master a particular topic,
the material in the textbook seems inappropriate, and you want to replace it,
the teacher wants to go beyond the textbook about japanese to english,
students are asked to consider a particular topic in class,
it is necessary to add variety to the lesson, create additional motivation.
Main sources of additional materials:
Teacher’s resource book. The Compendium of Additional Resources contains many lesson ideas. The main thing is that the tasks used correspond to the purpose of the lesson.
Skills practice book. Many modern teaching materials are accompanied by a manual aimed at developing individual skills (reading, writing, listening, speaking). Again, as in the case of the Teacher’s resource book, the main thing here is that the tasks fit organically into the lesson plan.
Graded readers. Books with adapted texts for reading are actively used in teaching foreign languages, especially at the intermediate level, when students can already read voluminous texts, but still cannot cope with non-adapted literature. Often texts from graded readers are given as homework, or as a summer assignment for schoolchildren. It is worth carefully assessing the level of the language, as it often turns out to be lower than what is stated in the manual.
Fragments from newspapers, magazines, books. You can either compose your own assignments for them, or use the developments of other teachers, for example, the website http://breakingnewsenglish.com/, where lessons on newspaper articles are regularly published.
Teaching aids for vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, and so on. They are a valuable source of additional exercises, many of which can be used as self-study. The main disadvantage of many of these benefits is the monotony of exercises.
Online resources. There are a huge number of sites dedicated to teaching and learning English, where you can find exercises, lesson plans, games. Be careful, because not all materials available on the Web are of high quality.
DVD, computer programs. Often they are issued as a supplement to textbooks. They increase motivation, develop digital literacy, but it is often difficult for a teacher to control exactly how students work with them.
Video fragments and films. Some teaching materials are accompanied by a disk with video resources, but the teacher can find the video on his own, as well as compose his own assignments for them using special online services. There are a number of sites where you can find developments for films. For example, http://www.eslnotes.com/.
Podcasts. You can use both authentic and educational podcasts. Almost all of them are free to listen to, but access to tasks often requires a subscription.
Games. You can play educational online games as well as traditional games with cards, chips, and so on.